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It was only later and gradually that the idea developed of giving to everyone connected with the order the real scapular of the order in miniature as their badge to be always worn day and night over or under their ordinary clothing.
Other orders and numerous religious congregations (both male and female ) have also adopted the scapular from the monastic orders. Description It consists essentially of a piece of cloth about the width of the breast from one shoulder to the other (i.e.Especially the analabus but also the scapular was often called simply crux (cross) on account of its shape, and symbolism introduced accordingly. Perhaps the smaller scapular for the night is here hinted at or foreshadowed.It was thus natural to term the scapular jugum Christi (the yoke of Christ ); it was also called scutum (shield), as it was laid over the head, which it originally covered and protected with one portion (from which the hood afterwards developed). Perhaps even the small scapular of the confraternity (that for the laity ) may be suggested, since the reference is to persons coming from the world ( novices ) who should have this small scapular.In the Constitutions of the Carmelite Order of 1369 (Cod. Third order use of the full habit Early in the Middle Ages numerous lay persons had already joined the Benedictine Order as oblates, these often received from the first order the entire monastic habit which they wore either constantly in the world or at least during Divine Service.It was regarded as a great grace and privilege to be able to die and be buried in the monastic habit, which was frequently given to the dying or placed on the deceased before burial.It is especially necessary that persons who desire to share in the indulgences and privileges of the third orders shall wear the scapulars constantly.
However, the Congregation of Indulgences expressly declared on 30 April, 1885, that the wearing of the scapulars of smaller form and of the same size as those of the confraternities entitled one to gain the indulgences of the third order (cf. Leonis XIII, "Misericors Dei Filius", 30 May, 1883; "Acta S. The four oldest small scapulars Like the large scapulars the first and oldest small scapulars originated to a certain extent in the real monastic scapular.
It was only gradually that it became one of the important part of the monastic habit.
Later, like the analabus , it was solemnly presented during the clothing and the symbolism of the scapular is emphasized in the formula used during this ceremony.
Later on the Franciscans gave the members of their third order for the laity the large scapular, and founded also a Franciscan confraternity the members of which were given as their badge not a small scapular, but a girdle.
The Dominicans likewise assigned to their third order the large scapular as its badge, and to their principal confraternity the rosary.
The members of these confraternities were called the confratres and consores of the respective orders; they had special rules and participated in the spiritual goods of the order to which then belonged.