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and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.
The Shirvanshahs returned, maintaining a high degree of autonomy as local rulers and vassals from 861, for numerous centuries to come.In 1501, the Safavid dynasty of Iran subdued the Shirvanshahs, and gained its possessions.In the course of the next century, the Safavids converted the formerly Sunni population to Shia Islam, The Safavids allowed the Shirvanshahs to remain in power, under Safavid suzerainty, until 1538, when Safavid king Tahmasp I (r.It is one of six independent Turkic states, an active member of the Turkic Council and the TÜRKSOY community.Azerbaijan has diplomatic relations with 158 countries and holds membership in 38 international organizations.1524–1576) completely deposed them, and made the area into the Safavid province of Shirvan.
The Sunni Ottomans briefly managed to occupy parts of present-day Azerbaijan as a result of the Ottoman-Safavid War of 1578–1590; by the early 17th century, they were ousted by Safavid Iranian ruler Abbas I (r. In the wake of the demise of the Safavid Empire, Baku and its environs were briefly occupied by the Russians as a consequence of the Russo-Persian War of 1722–1723.
The country was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920 as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic.
The region and seven adjacent districts outside it became de facto independent with the end of the Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1994.
However, the majority of the population are of a Shiite Muslim background.
Most Azerbaijanis, however, do not actively practice any religion, and the country has been seen to be one of the most irreligious countries in the Muslim world, with 53% stating religion has little to no importance in their lives, according to Pew Research Center and Gallup polls.
During this period, Zoroastrianism spread in the Caucasus and Atropatene.