After two centuries of Persian rule, Macedonian ruler Alexander the Great attacked and burned Tyre, the most prominent Phoenician city.
Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland facilitated its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity.As the Arab Muslims conquered the region, the Maronites held onto their religion and identity.However, a new religious group, the Druze, established themselves in Mount Lebanon as well, generating a religious divide that has lasted for centuries.The borders of contemporary Lebanon are a product of the Treaty of Sèvres of 1920.Its territory was the core of the Bronze Age Phoenician (Canaanite) city-states.During the Crusades, the Maronites re-established contact with the Roman Catholic Church and asserted their communion with Rome.
The ties they established with the Latins have influenced the region into the modern era.
The region eventually was ruled by the Ottoman Empire from 1516 to 1918.
Following the collapse of the empire after World War I, the five provinces that constitute modern Lebanon came under the French Mandate of Lebanon.
The monks who followed Maron spread his teachings among Lebanese in the region.
These Christians came to be known as Maronites and moved into mountains to avoid religious persecution by Roman authorities.
Lebanon was the home of the Canaanites/Phoenicians and their kingdoms, a maritime culture that flourished for over a thousand years (c. In 64 BC, the region came under the rule of the Roman Empire, and eventually became one of the Empire's leading centers of Christianity.