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Franklin used the physical evidence of the paper itself to restore her intended order, relying on smudge marks, needle punctures, and other clues to reassemble the packets.Since then, many critics have argued that there is a thematic unity in these small collections, rather than their order being simply chronological or convenient.
Dickinson assembled these booklets by folding and sewing five or six sheets of stationery paper and copying what seem to be final versions of poems.Thus, in the nineteenth century, African-American hymnody in mainstream denominations did not differ considerably from music performed in white churches.The earliest African-American religious denominations date back to the late eighteenth century, when black congregations split off from white church organizations in Philadelphia.Though she was dissuaded from reading the verse of her contemporary Walt Whitman by rumors of its disgracefulness, the two poets are now connected by the distinguished place they hold as the founders of a uniquely American poetic voice.While Dickinson was extremely prolific as a poet and regularly enclosed poems in letters to friends, she was not publicly recognized during her lifetime.Since its founding, the Academy has awarded more money to poets than any other poems by this poet Emily Dickinson was born on December 10, 1830, in Amherst, Massachusetts.
She attended Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in South Hadley, but only for one year.
Dickinson’s younger sister, Lavinia, also lived at home for her entire life in similar isolation.
Lavinia and Austin were not only family, but intellectual companions for Dickinson during her lifetime.
Her father, Edward Dickinson, was actively involved in state and national politics, serving in Congress for one term.
Her brother, Austin, who attended law school and became an attorney, lived next door with his wife, Susan Gilbert.
The handwritten poems show a variety of dash-like marks of various sizes and directions (some are even vertical).