This resulted in the eviction of much of the north's Greek Cypriot population, the flight of Turkish Cypriots from the south, and the partitioning of the island, leading to a unilateral declaration of independence by the North in 1983.Due to its lack of recognition, Northern Cyprus is heavily dependent on Turkey for economic, political and military support.
A coup d'état in 1974, performed as part of an attempt to annex the island to Greece, prompted the Turkish invasion of Cyprus.Turkish Cypriots formed paramilitary groups to defend the enclaves, leading to a gradual division of the island's communities into two hostile camps.The violence had also seen thousands of Turkish Cypriots attempt to escape the violence by emigrating to Britain, Australia and Turkey.), is a self-declared state that comprises the northeastern portion of the island of Cyprus.Recognised only by Turkey, Northern Cyprus is considered by the international community to be part of the Republic of Cyprus.The agreement involved Cyprus being governed under a constitution which apportioned Cabinet posts, parliamentary seats and civil service jobs on an agreed ratio between the two communities.
Within three years, tensions began to show between the Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots in administrative affairs.
Attempts to reach a solution to the Cyprus dispute have been unsuccessful.
The Turkish Army maintains a large force in Northern Cyprus.
On 30 November, Makarios legalized the 13 proposals.
In 1963, the Greek Cypriot wing of the government created the Akritas plan which outlined a policy that would remove Turkish Cypriots from the government and ultimately lead to union with Greece.
In particular, disputes over separate municipalities and taxation created a deadlock in government.